田中敦子 田中敦子

田中敦子

田中敦子
田中敦子

1955年より具体美術協会に参加。20個のベルを2メートル間隔でつなげた作品、幾つもの電球や管球をくくりつけた電飾衣装を着た『電気服』のパフォーマンスで一躍注目された。このように、電気システムの装置が制作の重要なモチーフとなる。電気配線のデッサンからアイデアを得、円や曲線が複雑に入り組んだ平面作品を展開。メディウムに合成樹脂エナメル塗料を用い、滑らかな絵肌、鮮やかな色彩で独自の存在感を放つ。白髪一雄・元永定正とならぶ具体初期を代表するアーティストのひとり。欧米での展覧会も多数。

ARTWORKS

IMAGES

Atsuko Tanaka Displaying "Electric Dress" at the 2nd Gutai Art Exhibition(Ohara Kaikan, Tokyo) 1956 ©︎Ryoji Ito
Atsuko Tanaka drawing a picture at home(myohoji), 1966, ©︎Ryoji Ito
Atsuko Tanaka standing in front of "Work" 1964(currently "Untitled" Museum of Modern Art, New York) at the venue of the 6th Exhibition of Contemporary Japanese Art (Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum) ©︎Ryoji Ito
Work, 1958, Vinyl paint on canvas, 223.8 x 183.5 cm / Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art(The Yamamura Collection) ©︎Ryoji Ito
Gate of hell, 1965-69, Vinyl paint on canvas, 331.5 x 245.5 cm / The National Museum of Art, Osaka ©︎Ryoji Ito
Thanks Sam, 1963, Vinyl paint on canvas, 226.0 x 194.0cm / Chiba City Museum of Art ©︎Ryoji Ito
'87H, 1987, Vinyl paint on canvas, 193.7 x 257.5 cm / Ashiya City Museum of Art & History ©︎Ryoji Ito
'94B, 1994, Vinyl paint on canvas, 300.0 x 510.0 cm / Toyota Municipal Museum of Art ©︎Ryoji Ito
Work, 1955, Rayon, 1000 x 1000 cm / 2007 reconstructed for the documenta 12, Kassel Germany, Photo by Mizuho Kato

MAJOR EXHIBITIONS,COLLECTIONS

COLLECTIONS

The National Museum of Modern Art (Tokyo) / The Ashiya City Museum of Art & History / Museum of Contemporary Art (Tokyo) / Hyogo Prefectural Museum of Art (Hyogo, Japan), etc.

BIOGRAPHY

1932
Tanaka was born on February 10th, as a fifth female children of the father, Ishimatsu and mother Tami, in Osaka. (Tanaka had four older sisters and four older brothers).
1950
Studied at the Osaka Municipal Institute of Art. Akira Kanayama and Kazuo Shiraga were her fellow students.
1951
Entered the Kyoto Municipal College of Art (now known as Kyoto City University of Arts). However, Tanaka left the college in the autumn of the same year to re-enter the Osaka Municipal Institute of Art. She began making abstract painting on Kanayama's advice.
1953-54
Tanaka was hospitalized and stayed in there for a while. In anticipation of the days left until her return to home, Tanaka wrote numbers and drew along their contours with oil pastel. She reflected on this moment by saying that this was the first time she perceived the concept of art. After she returned to home, she made a series of collages with the motif of numbers, such as Calender. Tanaka became a member of the artist's group Zero(Zero-kai), formed by the young innovative artists including Akira Kanayama, Kazuo Shiraga and Saburo Murakami.
1955
Major members of the group Zero associated with the Gutai group, an avant-garde artist's group led by Jiro Yoshihara. At the Experimental Outdoor Exhibition of Modern Art to Challenge the Midsummer Sun (held in Ashiya park, Hyogo), Tanaka exhibited an installation work made of 10m square of pink artificial silk-rayon hanging from the 30cm above the ground. Tanaka presented the work Work(Bell) at the 1st Gutai Art Exhibition (held at Ohara hall, Tokyo). The Work(Bell) comprises twenty electric alarm bells to activate a sequence of ringings.
1956
At the Outdoor Gutai Art Exhibition (held in Ashiya park, Hyogo), Tanaka exhibited the work Stage Clothes made of seven giant human forms placed in a row, equipped with blinking light bulbs and human or cross-shaped work the front of which was covered with flickering light bulbs. At the 2nd Gutai Art Exhibition (held at Ohara hall, Tokyo) on the same year, Tanaka presented Electric Dress, a dress literally made of light bulbs and tube lumps.
1957
At the Gutai Art on the Stage(Sankei Kaikan hall, Osaka / Sankei Hall, Tokyo), Tanaka presented the performance work Stage Clothes consisting of three electric dresses in addition to the other works made with stage dresses changing color and shape in an unexpected manner. Around this time, Tanaka developed her work style which comprised with entangled light bulbs and their codes into two-dimensional drawings.
1963
Atsuko Tanaka Solo Exhibition was held at the Gutai Pinacotheca in Osaka. Drawings inspired by her work Electric Dress and the work Three Black Balls were included in this exhibition.
1964
Tanaka's work Thanks, Sam was included for the exhibition Guggenheim International Award
1964
(Guggenheim Museum, New York). At the 6th Contemporary Art Exhibition (held at Tokyo metropolistan Art Museum and other places) of Japan, Tanaka's work Untitled received an award of excellence.
1965
Exhibition The New Japanese Painting and Sculpture was held at the San Francisco Museum of Art, toured to The Museum of Modern Art, New York and other museums in America. Her work Untitled(1964) was purchased by the Museum of Modern Art, New York. Tanaka and Kanayama left the Gutai group. Around this time, her condition was not well, and she subsequently married Kanayama, who was a good supporter of her.
1968
A performance work Round on Sand was shown in Awaji Island. The performance was held on the beach to draw on sand.
1972
Moved from Osaka city to Asuka-mura, Takaichi-gun in Nara prefecture, seeking the quiet environment.
1986
Exhibition Japon des avant gardes, 1910 - 1970 (Centre Georges Pompidou, Paris) included her drawings inspired by her own work Work(Bell), Electric Dress, and Eletric Dress.
1993
Presented the work made of pink rayon and such to the 45th Venice Biennale, Passage to Orient.
2001
Tanaka's first major retrospective exhibition Atsuko Tanaka: Search for an Unknown was held at the Ashiya City Museum of Art & History. The exhibition toured to the Shizuoka Prefectural Museum of Art, Shizuoka. Four works were reconstructed: the work made of pink rayon, Work(Bell), Stage Clothes, and a cross-shaped work.
2005
Died in Nara city due to pneumonia.
2007
The work made of pink rayon and Electric Dress and some other works were displayed at Documenta 12 (Fridericianum Museum, Germany).
2008
Tanaka's works: Work(Bell), Spring 1966 were included at the 16th Biennale of Sydney, Revolutions - Forms That Turn, Sydney (Art Gallery of New South Wales). Exhibition Rose is a Rose is a Rose: Yayoi Kusama, Atsuko Tanaka, Tsuruko Yamazaki (Foundation De Elf Lijnen, Oudenburg, Belgium), was held including Work(Bell) and some others.
2009
The work Pink Rayon hung on the wall and Work(Bell) was featured at the 53th Venice Biennale.
2011-12
A major retrospective show Atsuko Tanaka: The Art of Connecting (Ikon Gallery, Birmingham, UK / Espai d'Art Contemporani de Castello, Spain / Museum of Contemporary Art Tokyo) was held with approximately a hundred of selected works of Tanaka which includes Calendar, Work(Bell), and Electric Dress.

 

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