靉嘔 靉嘔

靉嘔

靉嘔
靉嘔

被稱為「彩虹藝術家」的靉嘔打破繪畫的輪廓線條,利用彩紅光譜的色相取代各種圖樣。此外,以觸覺為首的知覺藝術之實驗、在國際前衛藝術運動「激浪派」的活動,及終其一生持續進行的版畫製作等活動皆具有靉嘔的特色。另外,靉嘔也在各地展開為現今偶發藝術及裝置藝術的先驅──環境藝術。

於1961-62年製作的《Hydra》是以圓柱形鋁製主體及燈泡製成的裝置,其六個燈籠會讓人聯想到在希臘神話中出現的多頭蛇Hydrā。燈籠內部的燈泡散發人工光芒,因熱度產生的上升氣流有著如螺旋槳般的作用,使得在燈芯上安裝轉軸的燈籠本身也受到自然現象的影響而旋轉。從其中溢出的光芒因燈籠的旋轉以及作品本體的鋁板表面產生的反射,除了因研磨而浮現出會讓人聯想到蛇在相互交纏的流動圖案之外,在展覽室的牆壁與天花板也產生光之奇觀。展出《Hydra》的第五展覽室前半部的環境、事物,就連鑑賞者本身也被此裝置營造出的光之空間所包圍,成為靉嘔的環境藝術與環境的一部分。

ARTWORKS

IMAGES

Rainbow Sea Scape, 1970, Acrylic on canvas, 185.0 x 247.0cm
Olympic Eight, 1992, Acrylic on canvas, 181.8 x 227.3cm
Olympic Yachts_1992, Acrylic on canvas, 181.8 x 227.3cm
installation image, Karuizawa, 2019
installation image, Karuizawa, 2019
installation image, Karuizawa, 2019

BIOGRAPHY

1931
Born in Ibaraki prefecture.
1953
Joins the Demokrato Artists association.
1954
Graduates from Art Department, Faculty of Education, the Tokyo Kyoiku University (the present University of Tsukuba).
1955
Founds Group Jitsuzaisha with Masuo Ikeda and others.
1958
Moves to the United States. Ay-O sets up a base in NewYork thereafter and he begins going back and forth between Japan and the U.S.
1961
Devotes himself to Fluxus mouvement on referral from Yoko Ono.
1964
Exhibits series of Rainbow Happening as part of the Fluxus event (the Carnegie Recital Hall, New York).
1966
Appeared in Allan Kaprow’s book “Assemblage, Environments & Happenings” as the early Environment artist along with Yayoi Kusama and George Segal.
Represented Japan at the 33rd Venice Biennale.
1971
Represented Japan at the 11th Sao Paulo Biennale in which he receives Brazil Bank Prize.
1987
Suspends a 300 meters long rainbow banner from the Eiffel Tower in Paris
1995
Receives a Prize Purple Ribbon
2006
Solo show “Over the Rainbow: Ay-O Retrospective 1950-2006” (Fukui Fine Arts Museum,Fukui, Miyazaki Prefectural Museum).
2010
Solo show “Ay-O 1950s-2010: Retrospective” commemorating twenties anniversary from the museum foundation(Tsukuba Museum of Art, Ibaraki).
2012
Solo show “Ay-O: Over the Rainbow Once More”(Museum of Contemporary Art, Tokyo, Niigata City Art Museum, Hiroshima City Museum of Contemporary Art).

 

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